Abt 950 -
||DE GHERARDINI Duke of Florence Cosmus " The Great " |
||Duke of Florence |
||Ancestors of Catherine Yvonne King | The Ancestors of Catherine King from the Virginia King Family of Stafford and Louisa County, Virginia
||20 Feb 2004 |
From Bartlett's Quotations:
Cosmus, Duke of Florence, was wont to say of perfidious friends " We read that we ought to forgive our enemies; but we do not read that we ought to forgive our friends ".
The first date we have in the family history is 910 A.D. when one Raniero ( Rainier? ) was living. The Italian historian Gammurini says, " The Gherardi were among the most ancient and wealthy families of Tuscany in 900 A.D. :" Family legend states that Anaes, a survivior of the siege of TROY, wandered for seven years after it's overthrow, until he came to what was called Latium, ( now Italy ). He brought with him his father and small son Ascanius, for whom the province of Tuscany is named. Anaes married the daughter of King Turnus of Latium, who was killed in battle. Anaes succeeded him as King of Latium and divided his lands amoung his descendents. To Gherardo, h e gave the land of He/truria, where Florence now stands.
The family flourished until the year 1125. Then, during a political upheaval, the patrician families were driven into exile. In order to remain in Florence, the Gherardini renounced their patrician rank and became mere citizens. Later they were restored to their ancient honors, became very wealthy, and served the Republic of Florence both in the senate and on the battlefield. Three were Consuls of the Republic; others died as leaders of the Republican armies in the many civil wars. Confiscations and losses during the civil wars impoverished the Gherardini, and they also suffered much by the destruction of their property in the great fire of Florence in 1303. From the 14th century onwards they seem to have played a smaller part in the history of Florence. At different times, between 1000 and 1400, individuals of the family emigrated, passing into France, England, Wales, Ireland, Cracow, and the Canary Islands. Those who stayed in Florence became extinct, as did those in France and Cracow. It is pleasant to record that the Gherardini of Florence and the Irish " Geraldines " did not loose touch with each other. There are records of visits back and forth until the late 1500's.